La Coruña belongs to the autonomous community of Galicia and is the capital of the homonymous province.
Important historical port, it is located on the northwest coast of the Iberian Peninsula, in the Rías Altas. The city centre extends over a peninsula connected to the mainland by a narrow isthmus, so it has two distinct maritime facades: the port and the open sea, towards the Ensenada del Orzán, and over which the main urban beaches extend.
The municipality of La Coruña has a population of 243 978 inhabitants (INE 2016), the second largest in Galicia after Vigo. However, the city, with 215 227 inhabitants, is the most populous urban centre in Galicia. Around the city, the metropolitan area of the same name has been developed by neighboring municipalities that, together with the nearby metropolitan area of Ferrol, form a conurbation of 655 251 inhabitants that agglutinates just over half of the province's total population.
Its population density is the highest in Galicia and the highest in Spain (6471.32 inhab/km²), as the municipality has an area of 37.83 km². A good part of the surface area dedicated to industrial activity has been located in the neighbouring municipality of Arteixo, one of the most industrialised in Galicia. Thus, it is mainly focused on the services sector. Its secondary sector is mainly concentrated in the port of La Coruña and the Repsol oil refinery in La Coruña. Its climate is oceanic in its southern variety, with mild temperatures all year round.
It is the seat of the High Court of Justice of Galicia, of the Government Delegation in this Community and the seat of the Galician Academy? since its foundation. It was also capital of the VIII Spanish Military Region, territorial structure of the Spanish army already disappeared, although in the city is located the General Headquarters of the Operational Logistics Force, as well as a Defence Subdelegation.
The municipality is bordered on the north by the Atlantic Ocean, on the east by the La Coruña estuary and the municipality of Oleiros, on the south by the municipality of Culleredo and on the west by Arteijo.